Journal of International and Local Studies 2021-05-26T12:07:58+08:00 Open Journal Systems <p><strong>JILS (Journal of International and Local Studies)</strong> is a peer-reviewed and open access journal published by International Relations Department, <strong>Universitas Bosowa</strong> in 2016. Journal is designed to covers various topics and perspective of politics, economy, law, history, social, culture, and much more and to disseminate excellent articles that present new insights, ideas, and concepts that result from contemporary research projects in local and international studies.</p> <p><strong>JILS</strong> published twice a year every January and July, always places local issues in global perspective and vice versa. JILS as a part of efforts to reach the Department's vision and mission to integrate the study of international relations with global value and local value and as an effort to develop the capacity of its researchers.</p> A Comparative Analysis of Indonesia and Turkey’s Foreign Policy Toward The Middle East: A Case of Palestine Issue 2021-05-26T12:07:58+08:00 Noor Fahmi Pramuji <p style="text-align: justify; margin: 12.0pt 40.25pt 2.0pt 28.35pt;"><span lang="IN" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This paper aims to perform a comparative analysis of Turkey and Indonesia's foreign policy on Palestine Issue. It applies neoclassical realism as one of foreign policy theory. It discusses changing dynamics and influential factors shaping Turkey and Indonesia’s Palestine policies at the unit and systemic level of analysis. It summarises that the factors of leaders' perceptions upon international systemic changing trends and pressures, state power have become influential factors. During AK Party's eras in Turkey, its domestic politics has undergone domestic transformations namely public opinion and civil society's roles that influence to the foreign policy, the emergence of civilian leader as a new actor of foreign policy, leader factors, an increase of Islamist factor, the Israel-Palestine conflict perceived as the heart of regional instability resulted in Proactive Foreign policy including in the settlement of Palestine issue. Meanwhile, after reform eras in Indonesia, anti-colonialism spirit of 1945 Constitution has been continued as the historical background of Indonesia's engagement. Besides, an increase of Islamist factor in domestic politics namely Islamist-oriented aspirations in domestic public opinion, muslim groups as a moral force, an increasingly role of Islamist parties, and new Indonesia's international orientation and identity at SBY's tenure have affected a continuity of non-recognition policy towards Israel and supporting Palestine in accordance with two-state solution. As well as Indonesia's democratised foreign policy has been conducted through various diplomatic efforts.</span></p> 2020-12-19T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of International and Local Studies Aktivisme Transnasional The Asian Peasant Coalition di Indonesia 2021-05-26T12:07:54+08:00 Muh. Asy'ari <p>This research is based on the existence of the transnational peasant movement and the interaction of the Indonesian local peasant movement in transnational agrarian politics. This research takes a case study of the Asian Peasant Coalition (APC) as a transnational farmer organization in Indonesia. Using qualitative methods carried out by reviewing documents and interviews, this study seeks to explain the transnational activism of the Asian Peasant Coalition (APC) within the collective identity and encourage the struggle of local peasant organization in Indonesia. To explain the above, this study uses the Transnational Activism concept developed by Sidney Tarrow to analyze and transnational activities. In addition, this study also uses framing theory in the collective to analyze how the solidarity of transnational farmer movements and local farmer movements can be formed and maintained during the advocacy process. This research finds and concludes that the ordering of local land grabbing collective problems campaigned and advocated at the global level by APC is carried out through the stages of development of Transnational Contention. The impact of this phase is what supports the problems of local farmers to become part of the national movement and will eventually create solidarity movements to support farmers at the local level. It is in this context that the solidarity and collective identity of the transnational peasant movement is formed and enables the birth of transnational actors at the local level.</p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of International and Local Studies Pengaruh Idiosinkratik Nurdin Abdullah Terhadap Keberhasilan Kerjasama Indonesia-Jepang di Kabupaten Bantaeng 2021-05-26T12:07:50+08:00 Muhammad Fadhil <p>Leader’s characteristic’s or idiosyncratic personality becomes one of the factor of what or which policy will they implement in their region. One leader in Indonesia which has a significant affect in Indonesia’s political system is a non-state actor, Nurdin Abdullah. Nurdin Abdullah has a significant idiosyncratic affect towards the success of cooperation happening between Indonesia and Japan in South Sulawesi. Cooperation happening in South Sulawesi between Indonesia and Japan started in the regency of Bantaeng. In this academic writing, writer will explain about the idiosyncratic aspects of Nurdin Abdullah that strongly affects the success of cooperation between Indonesia and Japan happening in the regency of Bantaeng. Through analytical descriptive research method, the results shows that in his time studying for his Master’s and Doctor’s Degree in Japan, he adapted Japanese values that influenced his ardour and policy to cooperate with Japan thus making his policy centered on cooperating with Japan.</p> 2020-03-04T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of International and Local Studies Kebijakan Indonesia dalam Aspek Lingkungan dan Perdagangan 2021-05-26T12:07:47+08:00 Gita Karisma Tety Rachmawati Fitri Juliana Sanjaya <p><em>This research focuses on Indonesian's policy regarding the postponement of the prohibition of using cantrang and its relationship with trade and environmental aspects. In line with the trend trading which is draws many environmental issues as a rule, Indonesia should be careful to apply trade policy. One of them is the cantrang as a fishing tool which will affect Export</em> <em>of</em> <em>Indonesian</em> <em>Fishery</em> <em>Products</em><em>.</em><em> This research uses a qualitative approach with case studies. The results of this research show that cantrang is considered as fishing equipment damaging marine ecosystem, so that its restriction will give benefit for Indonesia. Indonesia has implemented a regulation prohibiting the use of cantrang in 2017 but Indonesia withdrew the regulation in 2018. This research finds out how the Indonesia policy tends to prioritize trade interests over environmental interests.</em></p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of International and Local Studies Implementasi Konvensi International Basel Terhadap Impor Sampah di Tiongkok 2021-05-26T12:07:43+08:00 Gina Sonia Te'dang <p>As a member of the Basel convention, China is committed to strictly limiting the import of plastic waste in order to maintain the quality of the country's environment. This study aims to determine and analyze the implementation of the Basel International Convention on handling waste imports in China. The research method used was a qualitative method with a descriptive approach. Data collection was carried out through literature review. The results show that the implementation of the Basel International Convention in handling waste imports in China has been successful, in terms of indicators of successful policy implementation, namely; content of policy and context of implementation. The implementation results show that China's policy of closing waste imports through the Green Fence Operation Policy and the National Sword Policy has a positive impact on reducing the amount of waste imports entering China. This decline has also affected changes in China's environment, be it water quality, air and those polluted by garbage. Although the changes still require a lot of improvement efforts, the success of implementation is also influenced by the Xi Jinping government regime which supports environmental reforms towards development progress with attention to ecological protection.</p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of International and Local Studies