https://journal.unibos.ac.id/jils/issue/feed JILS (Journal of International and Local Studies) 2022-04-10T14:48:55+08:00 Open Journal Systems <p><strong>JILS (Journal of International and Local Studies)</strong> is a peer-reviewed and open access journal published by International Relations Department, <strong>Universitas Bosowa</strong> in 2016. Journal is designed to covers various topics and perspective of politics, economy, law, history, social, culture, and much more and to disseminate excellent articles that present new insights, ideas, and concepts that result from contemporary research projects in local and international studies.</p> <p><strong>JILS</strong> published twice a year every January and July, always places local issues in global perspective and vice versa. JILS as a part of efforts to reach the Department's vision and mission to integrate the study of international relations with global value and local value and as an effort to develop the capacity of its researchers.</p> https://journal.unibos.ac.id/jils/article/view/1412 Hambatan Dalam Pengembangan Gastrodiplomasi Untuk Mencapai Brand Image Kuliner Indonesia di Era Pemerintahan Joko Widodo 2022-04-09T20:23:03+08:00 eka kartini ekartinig@gmail.com <p><em>In Joko Widodo's regime, several efforts have been made by the government in developing Indonesian gastrodiplomacy, namely product marketing and culinary festivals through collaboration with Wonderful Indonesia partners, Bekraf, Diaspora, Indonesian Chef Association and the food product industry.&nbsp; However, these efforts have not been able to achieve a brand image of Indonesian culinary on the international scene. The method that the researcher uses in this research is a qualitative method. The data collection technique used was Literature Study and conducted interviews with several resource persons who were experts in their fields. The author uses the concept of gastrodiplomacy. There are several factors that hinder the development of gastrodiplomacy in the era of Joko Widodo's administration, including product marketing that has not been maximized, festival plan that has not been strategic, certification constraints, use of media, and the application of culinary education that has not been maximized. In this case, the government does not yet have a strategic plan for sustainable and long-term gastrodiplomacy policies. </em></p> 2022-01-31T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of International and Local Studies https://journal.unibos.ac.id/jils/article/view/1242 Intervensi Inggris Dalam Kekuasaan Taliban di Afghanistan 2021-11-03T17:53:55+08:00 Reski Arsita Dewi reskyarsitaadew@gmail.com <p>Hubungan internasional merupakan hubungan diplomatic yang berfokus pada isu – isu perang, perdamaian konflik dan kerja sama. Afghanistan merupakan negara yang tidak pernah lepas dari konflik. Pada awal tahun 1990 –an, kelompok bersenjatan Taliban. Taliban menguasai sekitar 90% wilayah pemerintahan Afghanistan. Karna konflik yang terjadi antara Taliban - Afghanistan mengalami intervernsi dari negara – negara lain. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif. Terkait penelitian ini, penulis menggunakan teknik pengumpulan data dari berbagai sumber. Pengumpulan data tersebut meliputi data sekunder, seperti studi kepustakaan, data – data yang dikumpulkan dapat melalui penelaahan sumber – sumber tertulis seperti buku, jurnal, interner, dokumen, dan artikel ilmiah lainnya yang relevan. Pada awalnya Afghanistan merupakan negara yang penduduknya adalah muslim yang selalu menjunjung tinggi nilai – nilai ajaran islam, Afghanistan justru dipimpin oleh presiden yang berfaham komunis, Afganistan menghadapi kekacauan dalam negeri dan menyaksikan kemunculan Taliban, yang menguasai Kabul di tahun 1996. Negara ini selalu sibuk dengan perang yang disebabkan oleh perbedaan faksi para Mujahidin. Inggris merupakan salah satu negara yang berebut menyelamatkan diplomat, warganya, dan warga Afghanistan yang memenuhi syarat begitu Taliban berhasil menguasai Kabul. Sejarah Afghanistan tidak terlepas dari pengaruh bangsa – bangsa Persia, Arab, Khusans, Hepthalite, Turki, Mongol, Inggris, dan Uni Soviet, hingga Amerika Serikat dan sekutunya. Afganistan menghadapi kekacauan dalam negeri dan menyaksikan kemunculan Taliban, yang menguasai Kabul di tahun 1996. Disamping itu, ada beberapa negara yang melakukan intervensi terhadap Afghanistan. Keterlibatan tentara Inggris dengan tujuan&nbsp; yaitu selama 20 tahun tentara Inggris menginjakan kaki di tanah Afghanistan untuk menciptakan masa depan yang lebih cerah bagi negara dan semua rakyatnya.</p> 2022-01-31T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of International and Local Studies https://journal.unibos.ac.id/jils/article/view/1411 Politik Perampasan Tanah Global di Indonesia 2022-04-09T16:52:54+08:00 Muh. Asy'ari asyari@universitasbosowa.ac.id <p><em>The global phenomenon of large-scale land acquisition is currently taking place massively in various countries, especially in Global South. The practice of land acquisition is driven by various economic and political interests by global actors which later give rise to the term global land grabbing. This paper aims to describe the stage and political economy context of global land grabbing in Indonesia which is processed from various studies and reports, particularly the dynamics of the context and model of global land grabbing in Indonesia. The results of the study showed that the phenomenon of land grabbing is a global phenomenon that has taken place in various countries, including Indonesia. The history of land grabbing is very close to the colonialization era and the development of global capitalism. Also, it links to the changes in food patterns and the need for an extensive land area to do the transformation of renewable energy and climate change. Historically, the practice of land grabbing in Indonesia has been occurring since the era of colonialism through various methods and policies of large-scale land acquisition using a violent approach</em></p> 2022-01-31T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of International and Local Studies https://journal.unibos.ac.id/jils/article/view/1240 Pengaruh Konflik Rohingya Myanmar Terhadap stabilitas Kemanan Asia Tenggara 2021-11-03T16:15:47+08:00 sri lusi rahmawati surun srilusirahmawatisurun@gmail.com <p>Permasalahan dari konflik ini dalam hal stabilitas keamanan adalah pengungsi Myanmar melempar tanggungjawab dengan mengharapkan kepada negara-negara lain untuk dapat bisa menerima imigranimigran etnis Rohingya. Tujuan dari penelitain ini adalah untuk menganalisis dan membahas permasalahan kemanusiaan terkait Pengaruh Konflik Rohingya Myanmar terhadap Stabilitas Keamanan Asia Tenggara. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif yang bersifat menganalisa dan mendeskripsikan suatu permasalahan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Negara-negara ASEAN membuat kebijakan bahwa keputusan yang diambil dalam menghadapi konflik Rohingnya Myanmar berpegang teguh pada Masyarakat yang mengacu pada peraturan dengan kesamaan nilai dan norma, Kawasan yang kohesif, damai dan berdaya tahan tinggi dengan tanggung jawab bersama untuk menciptakan keamanan komprehensif, dan Kawasan yang dinamis dan berpandangan keluar. Semua negara anggota ASEAN memberikan bantuan penuh kepada penyelesaian konflik Rohingya tanpa membedakan SARA dengan melakukan diplomasi-diplomasi internasional. Tidak salah jika ASEAN sebagai organisasi regional diharapkan mampu untuk menyelesaiakan krisis tersebut dalam pencapaian stabilitas keamanan karena untuk mencapai suatu negara yang stabil diperlukan suatu kawasan yang stabil.</p> 2022-01-31T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of International and Local Studies https://journal.unibos.ac.id/jils/article/view/1413 Media Industries in the Digital Era: Analyzing the Democratizing and Decentralizing Effect of Digitalisation on Media Industries 2022-04-10T14:48:55+08:00 Ayu Kartika J.T. ayukartikajulia@gmail.com <p>This paper aims to assess the democratizing and decentralising effect of digitalisation towards the media industries. Throughout the history, the relationship between the media industries and technology is a form of an intertwined relationship. A series of developments in the technologies have been affected the production as well as distribution system of the media industries where it brings new opportunities in cultural production making and distribution. The study uses qualitative methodology, particularly study literature to analys in what way digitalisation can be seen as having a democratizing and decentralizing effect on the media industries. The finding in this research demonstrates that (1) digitalisation opens a greater opportunity for the consumer to be an independent content creator (2) digitalisation changes the distribution pattern in media industries where it heavily relies on online platforms (3) Digitalisation still has some limitations, hence, the decentralizing and democratizing effect at some points do not fully achieve.</p> 2022-01-31T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of International and Local Studies