JILS (Journal of International and Local Studies) https://journal.unibos.ac.id/jils <p><strong>JILS (Journal of International and Local Studies)</strong> is a peer-reviewed and open access journal published by International Relations Department, <strong>Universitas Bosowa</strong> in 2016. Journal is designed to covers various topics and perspective of politics, economy, law, history, social, culture, and much more and to disseminate excellent articles that present new insights, ideas, and concepts that result from contemporary research projects in local and international studies.</p> <p><strong>JILS</strong> published twice a year every January and July, always places local issues in global perspective and vice versa. JILS as a part of efforts to reach the Department's vision and mission to integrate the study of international relations with global value and local value and as an effort to develop the capacity of its researchers.</p> Universitas Bosowa en-US JILS (Journal of International and Local Studies) 2528-1674 How Gender Orders and Islamic Influence Affect Women’s Participation in Indonesian Politics? https://journal.unibos.ac.id/jils/article/view/2914 <p>This paper explores the long history of gender orders construction in Indonesia. How gender order and the influence of religious taught affect women political participation in Southeast Asia will be explored. In this case, the author focuses on Indonesian women and the influence of Islam as the majority religion in Indonesia. This paper argues that women political participation in Indonesia, although it seems limited by cultural and the so-called Islamic values, actually has experienced significant growth, especially after the Reformation. &nbsp;The gender relations that formed under the New Order that enshrined women as secondary to men which also emphasised by Islam teachings about men prerogative may seem to hinder women participation in public. However, this paper found that there were some contradictions of positioning women role under the state gender order, which has led to some positive effects on women. This contributed to the rise of women participation in Indonesia politics, especially after the reformation era.</p> Fitria Nurul Ramadhani Copyright (c) 2023 JILS (Journal of International and Local Studies) 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 7 2 47 51 Should There Be A Second Chance for Ex-ISIS Indonesians? https://journal.unibos.ac.id/jils/article/view/3031 <p>The year of 2019 was hard on Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), they lost their main territories and suffer from collapsing until finally lost their leader, al-Baghdadi, by US attack late October 2019. The situation led to the escape of thousands of their ex-members that currently stranded in several different refugee camps in Syria, among the thousands several hundred are Indonesian citizens. On February 11th 2020, the Indonesian government decided to not taking back all 689 Indonesian citizens that previously involved in the mentioned terrorist organization. This decision was taken under the pretext of preventing radical ideas to develop in Indonesia’s soil and ensuring the safety of Indonesian people from the threats of terrorism. Within this paper, we would like to challenge Indonesia’s decision by assessing the situation through the concept of international law and international security. According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and 1961 Convention on Reduction of Statelessness, every country should prevent its citizens from being stateless, thus Indonesia is in no position to reject its citizens and must assist them to get back to their country. Using the notion of international security, it is theoretically more beneficial for Indonesia to take their citizens back, rejection may lead to more dangerous retaliation by the abandoned citizens and could possibly cause bigger harm in their current state. This paper will try to offer alternative viewpoints to the current Indonesia’s policy.</p> Rizqan Kamil Muhammad Fahmi Basyhah Fauzi Copyright (c) 2023 JILS (Journal of International and Local Studies) 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 7 2 52 58 Dinamika Hambatan dan Strategi Vietnam dalam Mengatasi Kasus Perdagangan Manusia https://journal.unibos.ac.id/jils/article/view/2591 <p>Ancaman keamanan bukan hanya berkaitan tentang konfrontasi militer, sengketa wilayah dan proliferasi nuklir. Tetapi ancaman keamanan juga berasal dari bahaya non-militer yakni, seperti bencana alam, penyakit menular, pemanasan global dan juga kejahatan transnasional. Di antara ancaman keamanan yang tidak konvensional ini, perdagangan manusia menjadi isu besar, khususnya di Asia Tenggara, dimana bencana alam dan konflik militer membuat orang-orang yang mengungsi sangat rentan terhadap kejahatan ini sehingga perlu adanya regulasi dalam penanganan tindak kejahatan ini. Sehingga dalam penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dan mengetahui hambatan-hambatan Vietnam dalam mengatasi kasus perdagangan manusia yang terus meningkat.</p> Mutia Astar Muh Asy'ari Copyright (c) 2023 JILS (Journal of International and Local Studies) 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 7 2 59 66