Speech Act In Joe Biden Speech “Build Back Better World” At UN General Assembly


  • M. Nur Efendi English Literature Departement, Letters Faculty, Bosowa University
  • Sudirman Maca English Program, Postgraduated, Bosowa University
  • Andi Tenri Abeng 1English Literature Departement, Letters Faculty, Bosowa University




Speech Acts, Illocutionary, Perlocutionary, Joe Biden Speech


This research discussed about President Joe Biden Speech Act at UN General Assembly on September 21, 2021 which aimed to find out the kinds of communication function in illocutionary act and to identify the perlocutionary act effect contained in the speech. This research use John Searle theory about classification of illocutionary act and John L. Austin theory about perlocutionary act. Then, the data were analyzed using descriptive-qualitative method. The writer used speech transcript as the instrument to find out the valid data. There were five of kinds communication function in illocutionary act that President Joe Biden used in his speech which were, assertives (giving information, remaining, assure, and statement), directives (suggesting, and requesting), commissives (promising, offering, and pledge), expressives (express his feelings), and declaratives (declare that United State has stop with war). The writer also found 4 perlocutionary act effects and responses from the audience, which were; pandemic Covid-19 donation, American government ended conflict in Afghanistan, the responses of United State government to the climate crisis, and American government will continue to be the largest contributor to humanitarian assistance.


ABCNews. (2021). Full Transcript: Joe Biden Addresses 76th UN General Assembly. Retrieved May 20, 2022.

Anugrah. B , & Purba. J . (2021). Afghanistan’s Political and Security Conditions under Taliban’s Regime and Its Significances to Global Geopolitics. Jurnal Kajian Lembaga Ketahanan Nasional Republik Indonesia, 9(3), 13-33

Arsjad, M. (1988). Pembinaan Kemampuan Berbicara Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Indonesia.

Austin, J. L. (1962). How to do Things with Words. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Dewi, C.W. (2014). Speech Act in the Great Gatsby Movie Sript. IAIN Tulungagung. 1(1), 1-31

DW.MadeofMinds. (2022).Bantuan $100 Miliar Untuk Tangani Krisis Iklim.

Retrieved: August 9, 2022. https://www.dw.com/id/bantuan-100-miliar-dolar-as-untuk-tangani-perubahan-iklim/a-61076638

Gultom, N. C. (2017). An Analysis of Speech Act in Hillary Clinton Speech "This Madness Has to Stop".The University Institutional Repository, 1(1), 1-60.

Hidayat, A. (2016). Speech Acts: Force Behind Words. English Education: Jurnal Tradis Bahasa Inggris, 9(1), 1-12.

Hudri.M., & Irwandi . (2018). An Analysis of Illocutniory Acts of Hillary Clinton's Concession Speech to Donald Trump in Presidential Election.Lingustics and ELT Journal, 6(1), 1-4

Id.usembassy. (2022). AmerikaSerikatSumbangkanTambahan 3,5JutaVaksin COVID-19 untuk Indonesia. Retrieved: August 9, 2022.


Marbun, L., &Handayani, N. D.(2020). An Analysis of Speech Act in The grown Ups Movie.JEE (Journal of English Education), 6(1), 19-27.

MediaIndonesia. (2021). AS akanSumbangkanTambahan 500 JutaVaksin Covid-19 Untukdunia. Retrieved: August 9, 2022.


Mufiah, N. S. (2018). Speech Acts Analysis of Donald Trump's Speech. IKIP Siliwangi,

(2), 125-132.

Purwadi, D. (2012). Speech Acts in Julia Gilliard's Speeches. Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning of FBS Unimed, 1(2), 1-7.

Ronan, P. (2015). Categorizing expressive speech acts in the pragmatically annotated SPICE Ireland corpus. ICAME Journal, 39(1), 25-45.

Saputro, E. P.(2015). The Analysis of Illocutionary Acts of Jokowi's Speeches.Repository Santa Dharma University, 6(1), 117-129

Searle, J. R. (1976). A Classification of Illocutionary Acts. Cambridge: University Press

TheWhiteHouse. (2022). President Biden and G7 Leaders Announce Further Efforts to Counter Putin’s Attack on Food Security. Retrieved: August 9, 2022.https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements releases/2022/06/28/fact-sheet-president-biden-and-g7-leaders-announce further-efforts-to-counter-putins-attack-on-food-security/

Umar, T. F. (2016). The Analysis of Speech Act of President Joko Widodo at APEC Forum. Repository UIN Alauddin University, 1(1), 1-76

Yule G. (1996). The Study of Language. Cambridge: University




How to Cite

Efendi, M. N., Maca, S., & Abeng, A. T. . (2023). Speech Act In Joe Biden Speech “Build Back Better World” At UN General Assembly. Humaniora: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Education, 2(2), 100–115. https://doi.org/10.56326/jlle.v2i2.2020